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Page 1 Wind Profile Radar (WPR) at the Ogimi Wind Profiler Facility (128° 09' 32" E, 26° 40' 41" N, 225 m MSL)Principles of Wind Profile Radar (WPR) Page 2 Time Domain Integration (Coherent Integration) Page 3 Frequency Domain Integration (Incoherent Integration) Page 4 Typhoon Nari, 2001 (09/07/2001, 11:22, 2.00 ms, 8 bits) Page 5 Typhoon Nari, 2001 (09/07/2001, 14:45, 2.00 ms, 8 bits) Page 6 Path of Typhoon Nari, 2001 Page 7 Time-Altitude Cross-section of Horizontal Wind Velocity Near Typhoon Nari, 2001 Page 8 Principles of RASS (Radio Acoustic Sounding System) Page 9 Altitude-Velocity Doppler-Spectrum Distribution in RASS Observation. Page 10 Virtual-Temperature Profile by RASS Observation (09/04/2001, 15:43-15:54) Page 11 Data Flow

Principles of RASS (Radio Acoustic Sounding System)

The wind profiler uses a technology known as RASS (Radio Acoustic Sounding System) to measure virtual temperature profiles.

With this observation method, acoustic pulses are transmitted from a ground-based acoustic transmitter and radio waves are emitted from the wind profiler toward the acoustic wave fronts in the sky. Radio waves reflected by the acoustic wave fronts are then received, and the sound velocity is determined (based on the Doppler effect of the radio waves) to determine the virtual temperature.

 A remote sensor combining a wind profiler and an acoustic source

 Sound velocity is measured to calculate virtual temperature.


  • Tv = (Cs/20.047)22
  • Tv: virtual temperature
  • Cs: sound velocity

 The acoustic wave fronts and the antenna beams must be orthogonal to each other (the Bragg condition).

 To determine the true sound velocity, corrections must be made for radial wind velocity.

  • Cs = Ca-Vr
  • Ca: Radial velocity of sound
  • Vr: Radial wind velocity
Principles of RASS (Radio Acoustic Sounding System)
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